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12 Nov

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Disinfection Mats used to prevent Animal Infectious Diseases entering Japan

November 12, 2016 | By |

Currently, there are outbreaks of virulent domestic animal infectious diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), porcine epidemic diarrhoea (PED) and avian influenza (H5N1) in various countries around the world.

If an animal infectious disease were to enter a country which is otherwise disease-free, it will not only cause serious damage to that countries livestock industry but will also result in enormous socio-economic losses and have long-term effects such as reduced animal productivity and restrictions on international trade in animal products.

In 2010 Japan experienced an out break of FMD which affected cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, swine, sheep, goat & wildlife species and resulted in the culling of 290,000 cattle beasts.  Thankfully, Japan was able to contain the spread of the highly-contagious disease and can now claim to be FMD free but many lessons were learnt.

To future safeguard against animal infectious diseases entering Japan the Animal Quarantine Service (AQS) has introduced new border biosecurity measures including the use of Disinfection Mats.

Shoe Sole Disinfection

Disinfection Mats filled with disinfectant agent are laid down in areas of ports that passengers must pass through such as immigration inspection and the boarding bridge.

 

Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (4)
Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (2)
Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (1)
Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (1)

Information of shoe sole disinfection is provided throughout the port via posters and announcements.

 

Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (6)

Passengers are required to complete and present a questionnaire regarding their activities prior to entering Japan to AQS officers upon arrival.

Detector dogs also patrol the ports and should shoes with soil on them or baggage containing soiled shoes be found they will be inspected and disinfected at the AQS counter.

Vehicle Disinfection

All vehicles arriving in Japan by ship or ferries will be disinfected when they land.

Disinfection Mats are installed in the docking area for vehicles to pass over as they are unloaded.

In addition vehicles are sprayed with disinfectant agent.

Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (7)
Border Control Japan Disinfection Mat Quarantine (5)

Prevention still remains the best form of defence against the outbreak of animal infectious diseases and Disinfection Mats are the first step in protecting borders.